It is a free retelling of one of the episodes of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata. The protagonist of the play is Shakuntala - the daughter of the sage Viswamitra from the apsara Menaki. Abandoned by parents immediately after birth, Shakuntala grew up in the ashram of the sage Canva , turning into a beautiful and modest girl. One day, while Canva sets out on a pilgrimage, the king of Hastinapura Dushyant accidentally finds the sage's ashram during a hunt. Attracted by the extraordinary beauty of Shakuntala, Dushyanta proposes to her and marries her. Soon, however, royal duties called Dushyanta to Hastinapura.
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It is a free retelling of one of the episodes of the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata. The protagonist of the play is Shakuntala - the daughter of the sage Viswamitra from the apsara Menaki. Abandoned by parents immediately after birth, Shakuntala grew up in the ashram of the sage Canva , turning into a beautiful and modest girl. One day, while Canva sets out on a pilgrimage, the king of Hastinapura Dushyant accidentally finds the sage's ashram during a hunt.
Attracted by the extraordinary beauty of Shakuntala, Dushyanta proposes to her and marries her. Soon, however, royal duties called Dushyanta to Hastinapura. Before leaving his wife, he gives her his ring, upon presentation of which she will be recognized as a royal wife in the palace and will be received accordingly.
Soon, the sage Durvasa , known for his angry character, arrives at the ashram. Shakuntala does not accept him properly and Durvasa curses her that her husband Dushyanta will forget about her existence. The only thing that can remind Dushyant about Shakuntal is a ring that was presented to her earlier.
Shakuntala goes to Hastinapura to meet her husband, but crossing the river, drops the ring into the water. Upon arrival at the palace, Dushyanta refuses to recognize his wife in her and Shakuntala returns to the ashram of her adoptive father.
Soon, however, one fisherman finds a ring in the belly of the fish he caught. The soul-maker realizes his mistake, but too late. Then Dushyanta triumphs over the army of the Titans and, as a reward, receives from Indra the opportunity to make a journey through the paradise planets. After returning to Earth, Dushyanta accidentally meets Shakuntala and her son and recognizes them. In the original version of the story described in the Mahabharata, Shakuntala reunites with her husband only after Dushyanta finds their son Bharata playing with the lions.
Bharata is the ancestor of the Kauravas and Pandavas fighting in the bloody Battle of Kuruksetra. The drama aroused the general attention and admiration of the reading public, including Goethe and Wilhelm Humboldt. Another famous translation of the play into English was made by Monnier-Williams in He translated them from the German translation of Forster, made from the English translation of W. I found the highest beauties Putyaty , published in the Russian Bulletin of the early s and editions of the original Sanskrit text, which has several reviews.
In Indian languages, Abhijnana Shakuntala has also been translated many times. For example, in Malayalam there are 25 different translations of it. In , director Alexander Tairov chose the play "Shakuntala" in the translation of Konstantin Balmont for the premiere performance of the " Chamber Theater " founded by him. The premiere of the plays took place in Moscow on December 24, Actress Alisa Koonen acted as Shakuntala, the scenery was created by the artist Pavel Kuznetsov , and the processing of traditional Indian music presented by Inayat Khan was performed by composer Vladimir Paul .
Abhijnana Shakuntala. Buddha's life; Kalidasa. Figueira, Dorothy M. English translation by Arthur Ryder An article on the analysis of "Shakuntaly" at the circle on the history of the ancient East, the Faculty of History, Odessa University. Mechnikov in Russian. The title page of the publication "Shakuntaly", released in Bucharest in Electronic version.
The Benediction is a part of the rituals performed before the beginning of a play in those ancient times. Here it is an invocation of Lord Shiva for protection and well being of all those present. The eight primordial elements of Lord Shiva, hence also of all mortals, namely water, fire, the Priest, Sun, Moon, Space, Earth and Air are glorified in the Benediction. The brief conversation part is a discussion between the director and the Actress regarding the play of the day. The Actress as directed by the director performs a song which is on the present season- summer. It prepares the audience for the play to come.
Abhijnanashakuntala means something in Hinduism , Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. Partial matches: Shakuntala , Abhijnana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts.
The Recognition of Shakuntala , the greatest work by classical Indian playwright Kalidasa and perhaps the most renowned Sanskrit play, is a very lush work. The setting is marked by the beauties of the forested Himalayan foothills, where the young hermitage-dwelling girl, Shakuntala , falls in love with King Dusyanta. As the action develops—Shakuntala and the King falling in love, being separated by a curse, and ultimately reuniting, after years of grief-filled waiting, in…. Throughout Shakuntala , duty and love are closely intertwined. This connection is in keeping with the importance of dharma duty in Hindu practice at the time. Dharma , along with artha material success and kama desire , was understood to be one of the primary goals of human existence, while the ultimate goal of that existence was to attain moksha , or liberation from worldly existence. In the play, there is particular tension between dharma and….
Abhijnanashakuntala, Abhijñānaśākuntala, Abhijnana-shakuntala: 3 definitions
Plots similar to the play appear in earlier texts. There is a story mentioned in the Mahabharata. A story of similar plot appear in the buddhist Jataka tales as well. In the Mahabharata the story appears as a precursor to the Pandava and Kaurava's lineages. In the story King Dushyanta and Shakuntala meet in the forest and get estranged and ultimately reunited. Their son Bharata laid the foundation of the dynasty that ultimately led to Kauravas and Pandavas. Manuscripts differ on what its exact title is.