Lately, various kind of accidents and disaster occurred in Malaysia whether as a result of natural phenomenon or human negligence and weaknesses , which sometimes claimed many lives and destroying property. Among these disasters are as follows:. An explosion and fire that ruined a fireworks factory belonging to Bright Sparkles Sdn. The ship was carrying oil and such fire has the potentiality of spreading because it was close to Shell Company ,oil depot.

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Lately, various kind of accidents and disaster occurred in Malaysia whether as a result of natural phenomenon or human negligence and weaknesses , which sometimes claimed many lives and destroying property. Among these disasters are as follows:. An explosion and fire that ruined a fireworks factory belonging to Bright Sparkles Sdn. The ship was carrying oil and such fire has the potentiality of spreading because it was close to Shell Company ,oil depot.

A tourist bus plumped into a gorge of meters deep at Km 1. This mechanism shall be functioning on scene to streamline and administer actions to be taken in any major disaster by rescue agencies and Special Malaysia Disaster Assistance and Rescue Team SMART in order that all action carried out in swift, efficient and effectively.

In managing a disaster, it is not sufficient to rely on an agency or an organization alone, but it still need the involvement of many other agencies who have their own skill and capability. Any team involved in the management of a disaster should be able to carry out their duty and responsibility collectively and adhered to the standing order. However, a disaster management and relief policy and mechanism should be finalized , so that in future all actions taken at every level by Government and Non-Government agencies will be more firm, stable and productive.

The existence of a Disaster Management and Relief policy will help all sectors involved to carry out their mission with more orderly and coordinated, thus avoiding any waste of energy and time, confusion, conflict and contradiction or conflict of interest while working in a disaster.

The objective of this Directive is to draw a Land Disaster Management and Relief Policy based on level of disaster and to establish a Management Mechanism which decides the role and responsibility of agencies involved in actions against a disaster.

For the purpose of this directive, Disaster is defined as an incident which occur in a sudden manner and complex in its nature and that causes losses of lives, damages to property or natural environment and bring a deep effect to local activities. Such incident needs a management that involving extensive, resources, equipment, skills and man power from many agencies with an effective coordination, which is possibly demanding a complex action and would take a long time.

Natural disaster such as flood, storm, drought, shore erosion, landslide or any other disaster because of strong wind and heavy rain. Industrial tragedy such as explosion, fire, pollution and leaking of hazardous materials from factories refineries and industrial depots which process, produce and stores such materials.

Accident that involved the transportation, supply and removal of hazardous materials. A fire which involve a huge areas or high rise building or any special structure with many people inside.

Nuclear and radiology accident involving nuclear composites or radioactive agents in which the accident could spread out and causing the lose of live, property damage or the environment pollution and effecting the local activities. Haze which can cause a critical situation to the environment, threatening public harmony, government administration and economic activities of the state.

Air disasters especially those involving an aeroplane are generally handled by Department of Civil Aviation, Ministry of Transport. A Standing Order on Air Disaster is already set out and being effective. An Air Disaster Mechanism is also enforced.

For this purpose, Department of Civil Aviation will manage and handle all zones of aeroplane accident such as on the mountain, the air, in the forest or at the sea when it is not an area with building and men inside other than the plane passengers and crews. Any air crash that involved an area with building and men shall be governed by the National Security Council Directive No.

Because of that, the Committees of Natural Disaster Relief was dissolved. This directive also covers any nuclear and radiology incidents. Sea disasters are dealt and controlled by the Marine Department, Ministry of Transport.

Malaysia Permanent Regulation and Mechanism is already existing and being effectively. Non-disastrous incidents is defined as an accidental incidents in the form of critical or non-critical and involving a small number of victims and effects only to the related victims. The form of the accident or incident has no possibility of spreading.

Among the non-disastrous incidents are the vehicle accident, the small fire or a mishap in a lake or river. Such happening usually can be handled in a time by relevant agencies, using minimum resources and facilities at local level. Such incidents of non-disastrous is not govern under this directive. Through this directive, the disaster management is controlled in accordance with disaster definition given above and the following elements:.

More serious incident covers a wide area or has exceeding two 2 district and has a potential to spread out. Possibly would cause death and damage to a large number of property. The incident also effecting public daily activities. Being more complex than Level I Disaster and difficult in aspect of search and rescue.

Need to and could be able to be controlled by State Level Authority with or without a limited help from outside. Any incident caused by Level III Disaster is more complex in nature or effecting a wide area or more than two 2 states.

Need to and could be able to handled by Central Authority with or without foreign help. The classification on assessment is rely on the district level authority or state level authority or central authority which decide on its management or to suggest any other movement of taking over the disaster by another higher authority. To ensure any disaster incident being managed according to its level, the. JPBBP is responsible in formulating a policy and framing a strategy towards the management of national disaster.

JPBBP also should introduce a programme of education for the public in aspect of prevention and preparation against a disaster. Besides that, it is also responsible to make sure that the relevant agencies is exposed to every aspect of development of training and management in handling the disaster.

Membership and role of every committee is shown in Appendix A, B and C. Also to ensure that policy, rules and directive are fully respected at all levels and states. Decide on the nature of assistance needed from higher level or outside. Hand over or take over of disaster management based on evaluation of incident. JPBBP should decide that all agencies at every level in Government Administration should obey the rules and the regulations aimed to control or to reduce impact of disaster.

National Security Division act as a secretariat to the disaster management and relief committee at all levels in managing the related disaster to ensure those committees be able to carry out their duty smoothly and effectively. National Security Division also instrumental to ensure that the Policy and Mechanism of National Disaster Management and Relief is implemented and practiced to run smoothly.

In relation to SMART assignment, General Director of National Security Division is responsible to issue directive in order to mobilize the force into search and rescue operation in the state whenever the disaster is occur. National Security Division is responsible to provide enough allocation to generalize the Disaster Management and Relief Committee and its operation mechanism at the beginning stage.

An expenditure to be defray by National Security Division would cover the need for providing movable facilities as tent on the scene and basic communication equipment. This is purposely to enable secretarial jobs on scene of incident is done smoothly and effectively. All search and rescue mobilization, transport, work force, food and etc. The role of National Security Division against the management and relief of national disaster in detail is in Appendix D.

Relief operation or action procedure in overcoming the disaster at every stage by the government authority level is as below:. Any disaster incident at early stage should be manage by the relevant agencies using the facilities and resources at District Level Management.

On receiving a disaster report, District Police Officer Chief and District Fire Brigade Chief should take appropriate steps by the help from main rescue agencies and supporting agencies and other organization and voluntary bodies responsible in giving aid and rehabilitation to disaster victims. District Police Officer Chief and District Fire Brigade Chief would be commander and deputy commander of disaster operation respectively.

JPBBD which is headed by District Officer should be mobilized to ensure all activities of search and rescue operation, taking over and preparation of facilities and machinery and other emergency aid, i.

JPBBD Chairman together with the commander and deputy commander would assess the disaster to know the level of the disaster and ability of local agencies at District Level in handling it. After assessment is done and early step is taken, but it is found that the disaster could not be handled at District Level or needs assistance from State Level, JPBBD should inform JPBBN to get prompt assistance and taking over the disaster management.

JPBBN headed by State Secretary should be mobilized to ascertain that all disaster management run smoothly and coordinated. When the disaster administration taken over by Central Level Level III Disaster , all related agencies and sources including search and rescue team, emergency aid and etc.

JPBBP headed by a minister appointed by the prime minister should be mobilized to ensure that all aspect in relation to policy and decision in search and rescue operation and etc. The honorable of Chief Minister and Menteri Besar of each state who is also appointed as the Director of State Operation is also responsible in ensuring the smooth of the control and management of disaster that occurred in their state.

In any type of disaster and without consider what level it is, the responsible group entrusted to manage the disaster at the District or State Level is allowed to call for expert assistance, equipment and man power from superior level State or Central Level in order to get the important works done smoothly and quickly.

Assistance of expertise, equipment and man power may be rushed directly to the District Level or State Level by the Superior Level if it is found to be necessary. As soon as the incident is classified as a disaster which is need a combined operation by many sections, PKTK should be opened immediately.

The authority to open such a control post is given to the District Police Chief which is also entrusted to appoint a members of Royal Malaysia Police PDRM and members of other agencies through the agents to run the operation at this control post. PDRM also supposed to prepare a complete communication equipment to be used during the operation. PDRM also should prepare enough workers at PKOB to manage the communication equipment and to record all information on the commitment of agencies and the progress of search and rescue operation.

The commander of disaster operation at the sight of scene is responsible to assess, to control and to coordinate all search and rescue activities on the scene. The duty and responsibility of operation commander is stipulated in Appendix G. In case of disaster caused by fire or hazard materials hazmat , JBPM will act as a main agency to handle it. District Police Chief or State Police Chief which is relevant, still hold the responsibility as commander of disaster operation on scene to coordinate the involvement of the other agencies.

In case of nuclear and radiology incident, Atomic Energy Licensing Board will act as a prime technical in charge of any nuclear and radiology disaster. All agencies involved in the activities at the sight of scene should report themselves to PKTK before starting their work. The role chart of agencies involved in the disaster management and relief on scene is shown in Appendix H. Agencies involved in disaster management is requested to field their agent or representative at PKTK to help the operation commander in coordinating their works and responsibility.

The relevant disaster management and relief committee should hold a meeting at PKOB to check the development and decide on the means of facing disaster, search and rescue operation and emergency relief is managed systematically and effectively.

PKOB should have a complete communication equipment, so that it is always has a contact with PKTK; report any development to the higher authority and to issue important directives to cope with the disaster.

Agents or representatives from all of agencies involved in the disaster management shall be placed at the PKOB as liaison officer for their agency to speed up and smoothen any activities be taken based on the resolution made by the Disaster Management and Relief Committee.

Agencies and voluntary bodies involved in disaster management and relief can be divided into 3 categories:. Supporting Rescue Agencies such as Civil Defense Department and any special team formed by any agency to assist with search and rescue operation.

To strengthen the disaster management and controlling, the location of incident will be divided into three 3 zones such as Red Zone, Yellow Zone and Green Zone.

Red Zone covers an area surrounding the actual spot of incident. Any agencies which has special skill carry on their works will works together and assisting the main rescue teams.

Yellow Zone covers an area surrounding the Red Zone. Green Zone covers an area surrounding the Yellow Zone. This zone is purposely to place the relief and recovery agencies and other voluntary bodies. John Ambulance and other relevant agencies and voluntary bodies.

The distance between zones depends on the level of disaster and this will be decided by the Disaster Operation Commander. He also responsible to decide on which and how many units are needed to take part in search and rescue operation at the concerning zones. Every agencies involved in disaster operation should be inside their allocated zone.



NSC is the agency responsible for managing and co-ordinating the implementation of policies related to the security of Malaysia. The 13 May racial riot incident raised the awareness of various parties on the importance of managing the difference and sensitivity that exists in a multi-racial community like Malaysia. MAGERAN's existence was to improve public safety, national defence and preservation peace for the general public, supplies and services critical to the nation. On 23 February , the Government established the National Security Council to co-ordinate policies related to the nation's safety and to provide instructions on safety including security movements, public peaceful and all matters related to safety. The Office of the National Security Council Secreatriat was established to undertake administration and secretarial duties for the National Security Council.


National Security Council (Malaysia)

Arahan MKN No. Dasar dan Mekanisme Pengurusan Krisis Siber. To ensure any steps taken by the relevant agencies in preventing, controlling and training or education programmes is done smoothly and effectively. Dog can arahhan used for protection and hunting, but not for pet. Reporting the last developments in search and rescue works to the Disaster Management and Relief Committee and other concerning parties.

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