BAKUN DAM PROJECT PDF

Sinohydro denied accusations it used unsafe construction methods to build Malaysia's Bakun dam. NGOs have alleged that Sinohydro, a Chinese state-owned enterprise China's biggest dam builder, improper construction practices in the dam were widespread and pose concerns for its future safety. Malaysia-China Hydro, a joint venture between Sinohydro and Malaysian firm Sime Engineering, is the biggest contractor engaged in building the dam, which will be Malaysia's largest when it is completed next year. We can admit the cleaning process is not correct and doesn't follow instructions," she said. Raymond Abin, national co-ordinator of the Sarawak Conservation Alliance for the Natural Environment, said: "The unsafe practices outlined by the Sarawak Report are true.

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The Bakun Dam is an embankment dam located in Sarawak , Malaysia , on the Balui River , [2] a tributary or source of the Rajang River and some sixty kilometres east of Belaga.

It is planned to generate 2, megawatts MW of electricity once completed. The purpose for the dam was to meet growing demand for electricity. However, most of this demand is said to lie in Peninsular Malaysia and not East Malaysia , where the dam is located.

Even in Peninsular Malaysia, however, there is an oversupply of electricity, with Tenaga Nasional Berhad being locked into unfavourable purchasing agreements with Independent Power Producers. Future plans for the dam include connecting it to an envisioned Trans- Borneo Power Grid Interconnection, which would be a grid to supply power to Sarawak, Sabah , Brunei , and Kalimantan Indonesia.

There have been mentions of this grid made within ASEAN meetings but no actions have been taken by any party. Bakun Dam came online on 6 August Initial survey was conducted in the early s and more studies were conducted in the early s.

The studies cover the masterplan and feasibility report, rock and soil studies, hydro potential, detailed design and costing, environmental and socio-economic studies [8] and HVDC transmission studies. Although the project was first approved by government in , it was shelved in owing to decreased projection of electricity demand due to the recession of and the decision to use the then low-cost alternative of natural gas as fuel for developing the petrochemical industry.

In January , a privatised contract was awarded to Ekran Berhad. Ekran awarded the electromechanical works and the transmission portion to ABB. ABB's consortium partner for the civil works will be Companhia Brasileira de Projetos e Obras CBPO of Brazil, a large civil engineering company belonging to the Odebrecht Group, responsible for the construction of the dam and power house.

Neither he nor his company had built a dam before. The entire project was not tendered publicly, and instead was awarded by government contract. The project was halted in in the face of the Asian financial crisis. When the project was shelved, the Malaysian government took back the project from this consortium.

Other works are for selective clearing of biomass, and relocation of the affected native residents. The total sum to be paid to this consortium was budgeted at RM1. In , engineering consulting firm JR Knowles, was hired to study the delays in construction.

In May Ting Pek Khing's name again was raised in connection with the project. A Ting-owned company, Global Upline, was rumoured to have been awarded a contract to undertake "biomass removal" in the flood basin. This would allow him to harvest timber in the area without a separate permit. However, as of December it has not been awarded. Owing to delays in dam construction, the plans for the smelter have since been shelved.

The agreement for this smelter was originally signed in and some conditions have lapsed owing to delays in construction.

The production capacity would be , tonnes initially with expansion to 1. Production of aluminium would start at the end of Discounting this project, they would all be operating profitably for the quarter. As of February , there are three developments affecting the Bakun project. Chinese constructor Sinohydro has acknowledged that its construction procedures used for Bakun were flawed. The Sarawak Report said its website was attacked after it published the report.

The rainforest of this part of Southeast Asia has some of the highest rates of plant and animal endemism, species found there and nowhere else on Earth, and this dam has done irreparable ecological damage to that region. Many Sarawak natives have been relocated to a longhouse settlement named Sungai Asap in Bakun.

Most of them were subsistence farmers. Each family was promised 3 acres 1. The series highlighted the basic community problems faced by displaced indigenous people such as the lack of land areas for farming and hunting, lack of educational, medical, and transport facilities and also the promises not being kept by the government.

The provincial government of Sarawak is still looking for customers to consume the power to be generated by the project. Launched in February , an international NGO coalition that includes organisations from the US, Norway and Switzerland is showing its solidarity with Malaysian groups who are protesting against the construction of twelve hydroelectric dams in the Malaysian state of Sarawak on Borneo. The NGO coalition supports the Malaysian groups' demand for an immediate halt to the realisation of these dams, which threaten to displace tens of thousands of Sarawak natives and flood hundreds of square miles of Sarawak's precious tropical rainforests.

There are four major transmission line sections: [41]. The last section on the Malay Peninsula will consist of an overhead DC powerline running from Tanjung Leman to the static inverter plant at Bentong.

As part of the transmission works two converter stations will be built at Bakun and Tanjung Tenggara. The revived submarine cable portion is to transmit the electricity generated at Bakun Dam in Borneo to Peninsular Malaysia, possibly by Sime Darby would take ownership of the submarine cable project but not undertake its construction. The buyer of the electricity is Tenaga Nasional. The rate proposed is RM0. Analysts estimated that generation cost using world-market-rate natural gas would cost RM0.

On 7 January , Sime Darby announced that they had appointed a financial adviser for the undersea power transmission project. However, the company did not name the financial adviser. After many delays, Sarawak Energy Berhad announced that the contract to build the submarine cable would be awarded in mid with international tenders to be called in early From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Malaysia portal Water portal Renewable energy portal. Malay Mail. Retrieved 8 March Malaysia—China Hydro Joint Venture. Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 7 August The Borneo Post.

Retrieved 5 April The Star Online. Retrieved 23 April Asia Times. Retrieved 2 September Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.

Asia Today International. Archived from the original on 11 June Aliran Monthly. Malaysia Today. Archived from the original on 3 October The Star.

Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 3 September Archived from the original on 21 February Archived from the original on 4 June The Malay Mail. Archived from the original on 20 May The Edge Malaysia. Asian Power. Retrieved 22 February Council on Foreign Relations. The Sarawak Report. Free Malaysia Today. Archived from the original on 26 February Save Rivers Network.

Asia Sentinel. Archived from the original on 21 March International Rivers. Stop Corruption Dams. Archived from the original on 6 July Retrieved 4 September Power Tunnels Malaysia—China Hydro. Powerhouse Malaysia—China Hydro. Archived from the original on 19 November Archived from the original on 28 February Archived from the original on 8 July Archived 14 March at the Wayback Machine.

Bintulu Kapit Mukah Sarikei Sibu.

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Malaysian Government Plans to Open Bakun Dam Project to Foreign Firms

Researchers at Oxford University have found that large dams cost so much money and take so long to build that they may not be economically viable. Add the environmental and social impacts in the surrounding areas and it is easy to see that dams are not worth the trouble. The International Hydropower Association IHA and the Sarawak government come under criticism from activists denouncing the development of 12 dams, for which the process has not been transparent regarding social and environmental concerns. Leaked maps show that the the new promise to relocate is in protected areas already belonging to Recent claims of local support for the Baram Dam coupled with promises of compensation and resettlement from problem-ridden Batang Ai and Bakun Dams have bolstered the opposition to Taib, Chief Minister of Sarawak. Protests have escalated as the affected Baram people voice concerns that Taib and his supporters are falsifying

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The dam's reservoir submerged square kilometers of forests and farmland. In the dam's first few years of operation, t he reservoir has experienced high nitrogen loading, because the dam developers did not clear the vegetation located behind the dam. The surrounding land upstream is also used for industrial agriculture such as palm oil plantations, whose chemical runoff has deposited nitrogen-heavy sediment into the reservoir. As a result, the Bakun reservoir has become highly acidic, which has heavily corroded the four turbines already installed in the powerhouse and eroded the surrounding soil and vegetation on the slopes of the reservoir.

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Sinohydro admits flaws in Bakun Dam construction procedures

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