Borneo Sporenburg was docklands islands standin as trade center. The quay was designed to some modern efficient requirements for loading and unloading with a deep water construction. However the harbor could no longer survive. In , the decision was made to convert the Borneo and Sporenburg from a no longer used harbor to a completely high residential neighborhood, Due to the inactive harbor and the need of residential housing.
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Borneo Sporenburg was docklands islands standin as trade center. The quay was designed to some modern efficient requirements for loading and unloading with a deep water construction. However the harbor could no longer survive. In , the decision was made to convert the Borneo and Sporenburg from a no longer used harbor to a completely high residential neighborhood, Due to the inactive harbor and the need of residential housing. The urban setting presented a very high density of units per hector 3 times the density of a typical suburban development and a low-rise housing, each with a door opening on the streets.
These requirements resulted in a design done by west 8, which featured a harmonic connection between the built and un-built forms. The west 8 plan got the inspiration from villages on the former zuiderzee, where small houses oriented toward the water with a pulsing relation between the out and in-door spaces. More than architects and planners contributed in the planning procedure together with the public, creating some new typologies and urban spaces for the middle class families.
In fact, the water surrounds the docks functions as leading public space, open for Amsterdam boating culture. Range of stakeholders In this new redevelopment, the plan targets a high density and low-rise buildings. This new housing type is a catching eye for developers and a massive demand for the market.
The consumers have diverse options reflects a sense of local character with modern homes. It offers compact housing and narrow streets that provide a sense of safety for children and families. Some houses facing canals have waterfront access, and several bridges accommodate pedestrian and cycle traffic. The plan is encourages middle class families and couples Kusumawijaya, The development of Borneo Sporenburg has been a very effective process.
Such a high dense in dwellings and a diverse range of housing codes have never happened before in the area. The experience has had a significant impact on Dutch urban planning and free plots are now often included into new planned neighborhoods in the Netherlands. West 8 designed the master plan of Bornea and Sporenburg. The framework was done with over architects. Free land was available was available for on which private individuals could build their own houses under strict design codes.
These individuals consulted with the architects in organized workshops, challenging them to meet their needs by responding creatively to the design code. Borneo Sporenburg is a predominately residential development with 2, housing units. Its linear parcels lie along docks and provide a waterscape as well as a streetscape.
The concept revolves around having linear parcels of single unit housing. The fundamental unit of Borneo Sporenburg is the single-family rowhouse. To avoid monotonous visuals, typologies repeat in parcels of To break up the parcels of single unit homes, dense apartment blocks intrude these strokes and create a more interesting movement both visually and physically.
These apartment blocks create diversity and offer alternatives to the patio house living style. These superblocks also differ in orientation. These 60 parcels are allocated to private owners. They may build distinctive buildings within these plots. However, they must abide by the building codes and design preconditions of the area.
In contrast to the monotonous parcels of the other areas, this streetscape is fine grained with the individual characteristics of each building, yet aggregated into one element. Bridges were designed to perpendicularly connect these parallel developments. Private spaces are created within the dwelling. Semi-public spaces predominately exist as c ouryards in multi storey housing. Public space often takes a water front character.
Green belts have been slashed across the project to create some open spaces for public. It is safe due to the streets always being overlooked, and it is easy to navigate due to its simple linear nature, making it comfortable for both residents and visitors. In its aesthetics it adopts a postmodern interpretation of the old canal belt. It has transcended its past dockland characteristic in a modern residential development. Contemporary architecture from around the world has contributed to its designs in the form of famous architects.
This is island-living Dutch-style: dense but comfortable. The streets are narrow and made of stone. Parking takes up minimum outdoor space. Public green lacks as the project prioritizes private outdoor space. West 8 originally planned to have a fine grained rhythm of a variety of typologies and facades for the project. Architects all over the world were assigned to design these.
However it was later decided that the project will only consist of a few most popular types of units and be repeated in rows of Initially this created monotonous horizontal units in contrary to the desired sequential single vertical units. This horizontal continuity has however been broken up by residents using plants and areas of defensible spaces with benches or toys.
The streetscape is less diverse than it could have been. But it contributes to a more wholesome composition of coherence. In proportion, each unit is taller than it is wide. The typologies play with space as they seize it from the outside and release into the house itself. High ceilings, patios, courtyards and roof top gardens are a pleasant surprise in a dense development like Borneo Sporenburg.
The building, of impressive size, incorporates apartments distributed over thirteen floors and an underground parking lot To allow natural light to reach even the lowest floors and the inner courtyard of the building, it is raised on two sides to create a central fold increasing the available light. They can also bring design benefits including variety and diversity. Borneo offers 60 free parcels for individual owners to design homes of their choice within planning laws.
Parking is only on the property, none on the street, providing a much more appealing walk or bike ride to and from the city center 15 minutes by bike away.
Paths and directions between significant points meshed along with the linear corridors along the settlements create the framework of the roads on Borneo Sporenburg. However, the building layout clearly takes priority over the roads and car parking layout. Parking does not take up much of its outdoor space.
Apartment blocks offer underground parking. A few areas have on-street car parking. Low-rose terraces houses have internal car ports. These have been made more pleasant by innovatively designed porches doors and gates to suit the character each individual house.
Houses faces internal canals have the luxury of private waterfront access. Pedestrian pathways and bicycle lanes provide cater well to the public. The peninsulas are connected by 3 bridges.
West 8 designed 2 of these bridges. One low bridge was designed for cyclists and handicapped and another high bridge to allow sailboats to access the marina.
These bridges are strictly pedestrian; the design for Borneo Sporenburg de-emphasizes reliance on automobiles and encourages bicycling or walking. The controversy prevailing this project, which addresses the need for high-density housing through limiting traffic and utilizing unused land, is related to the complaint about the lack of open spaces.
Residents are seen to use streets and sidewalks as gathering areas. Most of the public open space of the project has a linear form. This can seem monotonous and dull, except in the case of water front spaces. Originally, the plan was to have a wide variety of housing types, though finally it was limited to six popular types, which is criticized for the risk of repetition, and forming horizontal facades instead of vertical ones.
The lack of mixed land use in the project contradicts its initial idea of limiting car usage. Residents are forced to own cars to reach facilities that are not offered in this development. The master plan lacks nodes where different forms and functions meet to create an interesting intersection in terms of urban space. The apartment buildings do achieve this in form, but not in function.
A short analysis of the water front settlement of Borneo Sporenburg, Amsterdam. Single unit typologies Apartment Blocks 60 free parcels Single unit typologies Concepts of different architectects contributing to the variety of typologies.
Franz Pesch, TYPOLOGY Apartment Blocks The building, of impressive size, incorporates apartments distributed over thirteen floors and an underground parking lot To allow natural light to reach even the lowest floors and the inner courtyard of the building, it is raised on two sides to create a central fold increasing the available light. Parking is only on the property, none on the street, providing a much more appealing walk or bike ride to and from the city center 15 minutes by bike away TYPOLOGY TYPOLOGY Paths and directions between significant points meshed along with the linear corridors along the settlements create the framework of the roads on Borneo Sporenburg.
Aysha Farooq. Published on Apr 5, Go explore.
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Two peninsulas in the eastern part of the Amsterdam docks, were to be exploited for water-related activities, as well as low-rise dwelling units, with a density of units per hectare. For a new interpretation of the traditional Dutch canal house, West 8 suggested new types of three-storey, ground-accessed houses deviating from the usual terraced house in being strongly oriented to the private realm by incorporating patios and roof gardens. By repeating this type in a great variety of dwelling modes and with maximum architectural variation, an animated street elevation emerges with a focus on the individual. At a larger scale, a delicately balanced relationship exists between the repetition of the individual dwellings, the roofscape and the great scale of the docks.
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