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Title: Causes of the Cambrian Explosion. Authors: M. Harper 2. Correspondence to: paul. Main text:. In the last decade, at least thirty individual hypotheses have been invoked to explain. It has been noted 1 that. With a few notable exceptions, a significant. An additional challenge. Debate over the temporal pattern of diversification has now reached a position of. The molecular clock.
Two inter-related. Cambrian — the Cambrian Explosion sensu stricto. The advent of bilaterian developmental systems is an integral part of the Cambrian. Explosion and it has been argued, for example, that the principal cause of the event. This ignores, however, an apparent. Whilst developmental systems must be in place to enable the. Whatever the trigger was, stem-bilaterians had. With macrophagy in place, the emergence of complex food webs is then a significant. This type of feedback is manifest in the origins of.
In the case of. Although it has been argued that the emergence of. Recently, attention has returned to abiotic processes as a possible activator of the. Explosion, with the proposal that the flooding of hyper-eroded, peneplaned. Calcium concentrations reached a Phanerozoic high in the Cambrian and this. The key, however, to elucidating. The causes of rapid diversification in the. Together, ignited by an initial trigger, these generated the. It may be more valuable,. Distinguishing between proximal and distal, upstream and.
That initial trigger is likely to have been the early Cambrian sea-level rise that led to. Simultaneously, the sea-level rise would have generated a large. These factors segue into the complex interaction of abiotic and biotic. Marshall, Ann. Earth Planet Sci. Erwin et al. The Cambrian Explosion: the construction of animal diversity , D. Erwin, J. Lowe, Science , Peterson, M. McPeek, D. Evans, Paleobiology 31 2, Suppl. Erwin, E.
Davidson, Development , Butterfield, Trends Ecol. Callow, M. Brasier, Earth Sci. Murdock, P. Donoghue, Cells Tissues Organs , 98 Wood, A. Zhuravlev, Earth Sci. Peters, R. Gaines, Nature , Cook, J. Shergold, Nature , Brasier, R. Callow, Mem. Brennan, T. Lowenstein, J. Horita, Geology 32 , Figure caption. Each box. The figure represents a narrow interval of time at the base of the. Cambrian — million years ago.
The inset chart shows the major. Ediacaran Biota. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.
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Causas de La Explosion Cambrica
Before the Cambrian explosion, [b] most organisms were simple, composed of individual cells occasionally organized into colonies. As the rate of diversification subsequently accelerated, the variety of life began to resemble that of today. The seemingly rapid appearance of fossils in the "Primordial Strata" was noted by William Buckland in the s,  and in his book On the Origin of Species , Charles Darwin discussed the then inexplicable lack of earlier fossils as one of the main difficulties for his theory of descent with slow modification through natural selection. Interpretation is difficult due to a limited supply of evidence, based mainly on an incomplete fossil record and chemical signatures remaining in Cambrian rocks.
So, was Matzke right about the length of the Cambrian explosion? First, Meyer does not equate the Cambrian explosion with the entire radiation — as most Cambrian experts also do not. Instead, he equates the Cambrian explosion with the most explosive period of the Cambrian radiation as most Cambrian experts do in which the vast majority of the higher taxa arose. In affirming this, however, Meyer offers a nice discussion of how different scientists may judge the duration of the Cambrian explosion differently, depending upon how they choose to define it and how many separate events they decide to include. See pp. Thus, Meyer notes that if paleontologists decide to include as part of the Cambrian explosion a the origin of the Ediacaran organisms in the late Precambrian, and b the small shelly fossils at the base of the Cambrian and c the main pulse of morphological innovation in the early Cambrian, and d subsequent diversification events right up until the end of the Cambrian period, they might claim that the Cambrian explosion lasted nearly 80 million years, as, for example, geologist Donald Prothero does a point Meyer also notes in his book. Nick Matzke appears to include in the Cambrian explosion everything from the appearance of the small shelly fossils at the base of the Cambrian million years ago to the main pulse of morphological innovation million years ago to events in the late Cambrian about million years ago.