He was Harel was one of the founders of Mossad, Israel's intelligence agency, and was its director from to He was also the first director of Shin Bet, the internal security agency. One of the tasks of Mossad in its first years was to track down leaders of the Third Reich responsible for the killing of six million Jews during World War II. A prime target was Adolf Eichmann, an aide to Hitler responsible for carrying out the logistics of what the Nazis called the ''final solution'' -- the mass killing of the European Jews. Harel related how Israeli agents tracked Eichmann to Buenos Aires, Argentina, where he was living under the identity of Ricardo Klement, a businessman.
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In he also became head of Mossad , the foreign intelligence agency. In an operation in , he found and identified Eichmann where he was living in hiding in Buenos Aires, Arg.
Another campaign, against West German scientists who were helping Egypt develop weapons delivery systems at a time when the Israeli government was developing closer ties to West Germany , caused Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion to require his resignation in Isser Harel. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback.
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Rather, they are presented on the site as archival content, intended for historical reference only. Britannica Quiz. Get to Know Asia. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Mossad. Harel was credited with building the Mossad into a highly professional organization capable of conducting operations around the world during his year tenure — One high-profile success, the capture in of former….
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Isser Harel, the son of Jewish parents, was born in Russia in His family fled to Lithuania after the family business was confiscated by Bolsheviks in Harel moved to Palestine in and spent five years working on a kibbutz before establishing his own orange-packing company. The Jewish state of Israel was established on 14th May when the British mandate over Palestine came to an end. In Harel was appointed head of Mossard and five years later overall chief of Israeli's secret services.
Isser Harel, 91, Israeli Who Helped Found Mossad and Led Capture of Eichmann
Even within Mossad, Shin Bet and Aman the external, internal and military branches of Israeli intelligence , many colleagues rued the day that they had crossed "Little Isser", as they nervously nicknamed him. Short and stocky, his prominent ears always alert for conspiracies, Harel ruled Mossad from until In he gained the title memunah - overall chief - of Israel's secret services. Harel did not actually create Mossad. That honour went to the brilliant Reuven Shiloah, who set up "the institute" in
Isser Harel, who has died aged 91, was the most famous Israeli spymaster; as the second boss of Mossad which was established in to gather intelligence from abroad and run special operations he turned it into one of the most effective and boldest intelligence services in the world. Harel personally commanded some of Mossad's most spectacular operations, notably the abduction from Argentina of Adolf Eichmann, the SS officer who presided over the execution of the "Final Solution" the extermination of European Jews , to stand trial in Israel for war crimes; "Operation Eichmann" became the best organised kidnapping by a secret service in modern history. Harel picked up a team of 11 which included, among others, a woman, a doctor, a skilled forger and a specialist in make-up. In Argentina, where Eichmann had been hiding under the pseudonym "Ricardo Klement", Harel's team rented half a dozen safe houses and then followed the man whom they thought was Eichmann for almost two years. When Eichmann's identity was verified, Harel gave the green light to his team which, on May 11 , kidnapped Eichmann when he got off a bus on Garibaldi Street, then took him to a hideout where he was kept for nine days.