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Blessed with the 14 different chains of Sufism, he rendered remarkable services to the development of Chishti and Qadiri Sufi orders in India. His family is a descendent of Prophet Muhmmad pbuh through the lineage of Imam Hasan r. Attributed to the name of Ashraf Jahangir Simnani r.
In fact, it is a historical document on different glorious dimensions of Sufism that was written and compiled in the 8th Century Hijri. Based on the malfoozat the spiritual exhortations , it is an unparalleled rendition of Sufi precepts and practices, edicts and narratives. Moreover, it was approved and authenticated by Syed Ashraf Jahangir r. After I went through a large chunk of the spiritual discourses presented in Lataif-e-Ashrafi, I felt the need to share a very interesting and pertinent discourse that Makhdoom Simnani has delivered with regard to the basic Islamic tenet, Tawheed monotheism or oneness of God.
In fact, he has adopted and interrelated a Sufi approach to profess and practice this basic Islamic doctrine. At the very outset, Makhdoom Simnani gives a very touching and mystically moving definition of Tawheed.
Hesays it in Arabic:. In this context, Makhdoom Simnani has aptly quoted Syyid al-Taifa Hazrat Junaid Baghdadi, one of the most renowned early Persian mystics of Islam and a central figure in the golden chain of many Sufi orders. His quotation on Tawheed goes on as a remarkable Sufi proverb in Arabic:. He has put it into various categories, mainly 1 tawheede imani oneness in conviction , 2 tawheed e ilmi oneness in intellect and 3 tawheed e hali oneness in personal state.
He beautifully dwells on each category of Tawheed in a manner imbued with spiritual connotations. I am briefly reproducing below the gist of his key reflections on the meanings of each term. All other personas, virtues and actions are nothing in comparison to His persona, virtues and actions. This is how he illustrates what he thinks the term means:.
All darkness of the existence is lost in the light of Tawheed. In this state, one should be overwhelmed by the light of Tawheed in such a way as the stars lose their light in the sun. In this process, the observer mushahid goes to the extent that he begins to consider his own existence as that of the Almighty and his own observation mushahida as an attribute of His.
He says:. Shaikh Shibli said on Tawheed:. It means: Muwahhid is a creditor who cannot repay his debt and he is a poor who cannot fulfil his dues. Then, the complete Urdu translation was undertaken by Allama Shams Barelvi, a well-versed Islamic scholar and accomplished translator with profound literary skills in Urdu, Persian and Arabic. The Urdu translation of sizeable Indian Islamic literature from Persian and Arabic goes to his credit.
Owing to the failing health of Allama Shams Barelvi, the task of comparing and authenticating the original manuscripts with the earlier translations was assigned to Dr. Khidr Naushahi, a distinguished scholar of Persian language, literature and history with a strong background in Sufi sciences Uloom-e-Tasawwuf.
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Lataef e Ashrafi Urdu volume 1
Lataef e Ashrafi (Urdu)