OJ L , The member states bear sole responsibility for all information on this site provided by them on the transposition of EU law into national law. This does not, however, prejudice the results of the verification by the Commission of the completeness and correctness of the transposition of EU law into national law as formally notified to it by the member states. The collection National transposition measures is updated weekly. Wet houdende goedkeuring van het Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de Mens en de fundamentele vrijheden, ondertekend op 4 November , te Rome, en van het Additioneel Protocol bij dit Verdrag, ondertekend op 20 Maart , te Parijs. Gesetz vom 8.
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Parliamentary expenses have been under the spotlight again recently, with the high profile resignation of federal Health Minister Sussan Ley earlier this month. News of her chartering and flying planes to attend work meetings back in delivered the coup de grace.
But despite the positive move to take expenses away from the purview of politicians, he said the new body should also adjudicate on broader corruption issues such as conflict of interest, code of conduct and interest registers. Prof Brown said that the independence of auditing and compliance needed to be upgraded because politicians had not been subject to sufficient checks and balances.
Both men said that some politicians failed the pub test but still acted within the rules, partly because they belonged to a kind of insider community where what was viewed as convenient and acceptable to getting the job done could be at odds with broader public experience.
The risk of people in high office losing their connection to the community is high. Prof Smith said parliamentary travel entitlements had long been one of the most problematic areas in Australian politics due to the sheer number of politicians caught up in questionable travel claims and because public opinion was often fierce around such debates. It is not a good look; neither does it foster much public confidence in the political system or the people elected to serve inside it.
Deciding on what constitutes official business clearly needs to be addressed and this is one of the recommendations of the Conde Review. Few things raise the hackles of ordinary folk more than politicians charging taxpayers when they attend major sporting or cultural events as guests of a private company. Ms Bishop defended her expenses claim, saying she was attending in her official capacity. Family reunion travel — designed to reduce the isolation many politicians experience from being on the road a lot — has also attracted a fair amount of negative attention.
While Mr Burke claimed the taxpayer bill was legitimate because he was on official business and visiting aboriginal communities, others did not see it the same way. It is another area that the Review suggests needs changing, reiterating that family reunion travel can only be funded if the politician is at the location for work, underlining that it should not be used to sneak in a taxpayer-funded family holiday.
Prof Smith said making data transparent is critical to good reform because it will increase public confidence in the system and keep MPs on their toes. At the moment, expenses are published every six months. He said that abuses often came to light accidentally or through freedom of information requests from journalists.
Many never came to light. The Western Australian Government has launched a round of community consultation sessions in the Culturally…. More than two thirds of Australian voters are against population growth according to new data….
News, views and insights into policy and innovation. Your weekly keyhole into the workings of government. Marie Sansom. But he said the public sometimes lacked understanding about what the job entailed. Australia had dropped the ball a bit when it came to clamping down on corruption. Travel Prof Smith said parliamentary travel entitlements had long been one of the most problematic areas in Australian politics due to the sheer number of politicians caught up in questionable travel claims and because public opinion was often fierce around such debates.
Prof Smith said the rules need to be tightened up in some instances and clarified in others. Travel expenses have generated some of the most egregious and colourful scandals over the years. What counts as official? I miss my family Family reunion travel — designed to reduce the isolation many politicians experience from being on the road a lot — has also attracted a fair amount of negative attention.
How should reform proceed? Comment below to have your say on this story. Voters say no to population growth: survey More than two thirds of Australian voters are against population growth according to new data…. Related stories CaLD communities have their say.
Have your say on OHS Laws. WA councils have their say on amalgamations. Councils demand say on NSW planning overhaul. NSW community has its say on climate change. Voters say no to population growth: survey. Leave a comment: Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Leave this field empty. Latest comments John Martin on: Desal expansion plans on hold Docklands Science Park can filter water using graphene and other pads to provide large quantities How many tiers of government are needed I would be happy to see State government Reliable and trustworthy without the spin News, views and insights into policy and innovation.
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Process optimization is needed for the development and expansion of the biogas industry and to meet the ever growing demand for methane. This thesis explores process technologies for the development of the anaerobic digestion process and includes pre-treatments, studies on the effects of different mixing modes and evaluation of a water treatment technology. Two pre-treatments were evaluated, mechanical and electroporation, for treatment of ley crop silage. Digester mixing has an effect on the digestion result. The performed review and experiments show that the mixing demand increases with organic loading.
Baron de Ley Reserva DOCa Rioja 2015 (5 L)
Exploiting the full biogas potential of some types of biomass is challenging. The complex structures of lignocellulosic biomass are difficult to break down and thus require longer retention times for the nutrients to become biologically available. It is possible to increase the digestibility of the substrate by pre-treating the material before digestion. This paper explores a pre-treatment of ley crop silage that uses electrical fields, known as electroporation EP. Different settings of the EP equipment were tested, and the results were analyzed using a batch digestion setup. The energy balance of the EP treatment suggests that the yield, in the form of methane, can be up to double the electrical energy input of the process.
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