Maerua hirtella Chiov. Maerua uniflora Vahl Small trees, m tall, usually with rounded flattish crown; branches somewhat variegate, glaucous, often densely leaved. Leaves oblong-ovate, variable in shape and size, usually mm long and mm broad, somewhat fleshy, glabrous or minutely hairy, shortly petioled. Flowers 1, sometimes , fascicled in the axils of the clustered leaves; pedicels mm long, usually pubescent. Calyx tube about 5 mm long, lobes -9 mm long, mm broad, oblongovate, obtuse, green, pubescent outside. Petals absent.
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Maerua crassifolia Forssk. Maerua uguenensis Gilg, Maerua rigida R. Branches are twisted and often densely leaved. Leaves are oblong and ovate, variable in shape and size, usually mm long and mm broad, somewhat fleshy, glabrous and almost sessile. Flowers are white, sweet-scented and without petals. Fruits are pubescent, irregular cylindrical pods, cm long, 0. The wood is used to make tools and weapons. Crushed leaves and leaf decoctions are used in ethno-medicine to treat fever, stomach disorders and skin affections Burkill, The leaves can be cooked in butter or animal fat before application Ag Arya, Infusions of leaves are also used for human intestinal diseases in North Africa, due to the health properties of their lipids and triterpenes Ibraheim et al.
In very arid lands Arabian Peninsula , trees are left half-dead after grazing Chaudhary et al. It grows in deciduous bush land, thickets and semi-desert scrub near rivers, from sea level up to an altitude of m in East Africa CJB, Optimal growth conditions are mm annual rainfall Diatta et al. It can tolerate much drier conditions, from 75 mm to mm annual rainfall Thompson, They are also rich in fat 7.
Flowering shoots are relished by camels Burkill, Grazed foliage was found to be palatable to goats in rainy and dry seasons and it was one of the most selected species in all seasons. However, incubated samples in rumen-fistulated camels and goats showed a low DM disappearance rate Rahim, Maerua crassifolia is palatable to horses but the flowering shoots are not browsed by them Burkill, Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values samples used.
Atil Maerua crassifolia. Search form. Sponsored by. Automatic translation. Feed categories. Scientific names. Plant and animal families Plant and animal species. Datasheet Description Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans. Common names. Other forage plants Forage plants. Related feed s.
Nutritional attributes. No information found Horses and donkeys. Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value. Atil Maerua crassifolia , aerial part, dry Atil Maerua crassifolia , aerial part, fresh. Atil Maerua crassifolia , aerial part, dry. Atil Maerua crassifolia , aerial part, fresh.
Ag Arya, M. Legume hays as a supplement for dairy goats during the dry season. Small Rumin. Tuareg ethnoveterinary treatments of camel diseases in Agadez area Niger.
Health Prod. Trees, shrubs, and lianas of West African dry zones. Editions Quae Bartha, R. Fodder plants in the Sahel zone of Africa. The integration of browse plants within pastoral and agropastoral systems in Africa.
In: Browse in Africa, the current state of knowledge. Entry for Maerua crassifolia Forssk. In: The useful plants of West tropical Africa, 2nd edition. Nutritional characteristics of forages from Niger.
Italian J. The rangelands of the Arabian Peninsula. Nutrient content of two indigenous plant foods of the Western Sahel: Balanites aegyptiaca and Maerua crassifolia. Food Comp. Possibilities of propagation by cutting at maerua crassifolia forssk. Afrique Science 3 2 : - eFloras, Harvard University Freiberger, C.
Nutrient content of the edible leaves of seven wild plants from Niger. Plant Foods Hum. Observations of the causes of devastation of ligneous plants in the Sahel and their resistance to destruction. Lipids and triterpenes from Maerua crassifolia growing in Egypt. Saudi Pharm. The role of browses in the Sahelian and Sudanian zones. Browse in Africa. The current state of knowledge. Comparison of the feeding value of local browse species. Utilisation of some browse plants of Eastern Sudan by camel and goat.
Camel Pract. The chemical composition and digestibility of fodder shrubs and trees. In: The use and misuse of shrubs and trees as fodder. Imperial Agricultural Bureaux. Joint Publication No. Behaviour of goats, sheep and cattle and their selection of browse species on natural pasture in a Sahelian area.
Global agenda for livestock research: proceedings of a consultation on setting livestock research priorities in West Asia and North Africa WANA region : November Datasheet citation. Image credits.
Ahmed, M. Antoine-Moussiaux, N. Arbonnier, M. Editions Quae. Bartha, R. Boudet, G. Burkill, H. Calabro, S.
Chaudhary, S. CJB, Cook, J. Diatta, S. Afrique Science 3 2 : - Harvard University. Freiberger, C. Gillet, H. Ibraheim, Z. Powell, J. Rahim, A.
Russell, F. Sanon, H. Thompson, E.
Maerua crassifolia Forssk.
Maerua crassifolia is a species of plant in the Capparaceae family. It is native to Africa, tropical Arabia, and Israel , but is disappearing from Egypt. Foliage from this plant is used as fodder for animals, especially camels , during the dry season in parts of Africa. The plant grows commonly in Yemen, where it is called Meru.