The Residential Tenancies Act, RTA is the law in the province of Ontario , Canada , that governs landlord and tenant relations in residential rental accommodations. The Act received royal assent on June 22, , and was proclaimed into law on January 31, The Act repealed and replaced the Tenant Protection Act , Ontario's Landlord and Tenant Board is governed by the act. The Residential Tenancies Act contains chapters on the meaning of a tenancy, the duties of landlords and tenants, "security of tenure" and the list of legitimate reasons that a landlord can evict a tenant, and a system of rent regulation.
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You're using an outdated browser. This website will not display correctly and some features will not work. Learn more about the browsers we support for a faster and safer online experience. Consolidation Period: From March 4, to the e-Laws currency date. Last amendment: , c. Legislative History: , c. Security of Tenure. Notice of Termination — General.
Notice by Tenant. Notice to terminate before end of period or term, tenancy referred to in subs. Notice by Landlord at End of Period or Term.
Application by Landlord — After Notice of Termination. Application by Landlord — No Notice of Termination. Eviction Orders. Compensation for Landlord. Death of Tenant.
PART V. Notice of Termination of Occupancy by Co-operative. Application by Co-operative — After Notice of Termination. Application by Co-operative — No Notice of Termination. Compensation for Co-operative. Board Proceedings. General Rules. General Rules Governing Amount of Rent. Notice of Rent Increase.
Agreements to Increase or Decrease Rent. Landlord Application for Rent Increase. Reductions of Rent. Illegal Additional Charges. Money Collected Illegally. Responsibilities of Landlords and Tenants. Transferring Tenancy. Rules Related to Rent and Other Charges. Termination of Tenancies. The purpose of Part V. See: , c. The program consists of the provision of living accommodation and accompanying services where,.
The program is intended to support the occupant of the living accommodation in subsequently obtaining and maintaining more permanent living accommodation.
The agreement must state that the provider of the living accommodation intends that the living accommodation be exempt from this Act and must also state that the occupant may apply to the Board under section 9 of this Act for a determination of whether this Act applies with respect to the living accommodation. The agreement must set out a process to address disputes between the occupant and the provider of the living accommodation which must,.
Unless the information is set out in a separate agreement under subsection 4 , the agreement must set out the following information in respect of the program under which the living accommodation is provided to the occupant:. The agreement must meet such other requirements as may be prescribed. The rental unit is located in a building, mobile home park or land lease community and no part of the building, mobile home park or land lease community was occupied for residential purposes on or before November 15, The rental unit is entirely located in an addition to a building, mobile home park or land lease community and no part of the addition was occupied for residential purposes on or before November 15, The rental unit is located in a detached house, semi-detached house or row house which, on or at any time before November 15, , contained not more than two residential units.
The rental unit is a residential unit that meets all of the following requirements:. At each entrance, the unit has a door which is equipped so that it can be secured from the inside of the unit. At least one door described in subparagraph iii is capable of being locked from the outside of the unit. The rental unit became a residential unit described in paragraph 2 after November 15, At the time the rental unit was first occupied as a residential unit described in paragraph 2, the owner or one of the owners, as applicable, lived in another residential unit in the detached house, semi-detached house or row house.
The rental unit is located in a part of the detached house, semi-detached house or row house which was unfinished space immediately before the rental unit became a residential unit described in paragraph 2. Despite subsections 2 and 3 , sections and continue to apply with respect to an agreement that was entered into between the landlord and the tenant of the rental unit under section before the commencement date.
Despite subsections 2 and 3 , section continues to apply with respect to an application that was made by the landlord or the tenant of the rental unit under that section before the commencement date and was not finally determined before that date.
Despite subsections 2 and 3 , section continues to apply with respect to an application that was made by the tenant of the rental unit under that section before the commencement date and was not finally determined before that date.
Despite subsection 2 , section continues to apply with respect to an assignment of the rental unit for which the landlord granted consent under section 95 before the commencement date or which was authorized by the Board under section 98 before that date.
A rental unit located in a residential complex owned, operated or administered by or on behalf of the Ontario Mortgage and Housing Corporation, the Government of Canada or an agency of either of them. A rental unit in a designated housing project as defined in the Housing Services Act, that is owned, operated or managed by a service manager or local housing corporation as defined in that Act.
A rental unit located in a non-profit housing project or other residential complex, if the non-profit housing project or other residential complex was developed or acquired under a prescribed federal, provincial or municipal program and continues to operate under,.
A rental unit that is a non-member unit of a non-profit housing co-operative. A rental unit provided by an educational institution to a student or member of its staff and that is not exempt from this Act under clause 5 g.
A rental unit located in a residential complex owned, operated or administered by a religious institution for a charitable use on a non-profit basis. The tenancy agreement shall be in the form prescribed for that class of tenancies. The tenancy agreement shall comply with the requirements prescribed for that class of tenancies. To allow a potential mortgagee or insurer of the residential complex to view the rental unit. To allow a person who holds a certificate of authorization within the meaning of the Professional Engineers Act or a certificate of practice within the meaning of the Architects Act or another qualified person to make a physical inspection of the rental unit to satisfy a requirement imposed under subsection 9 4 of the Condominium Act, For any other reasonable reason for entry specified in the tenancy agreement.
An order determining that the landlord has breached an obligation under subsection 20 1 or section An order determining that the landlord, superintendent or agent of the landlord has substantially interfered with the reasonable enjoyment of the rental unit or residential complex for all usual purposes by the tenant or a member of his or her household.
An order determining that the landlord, superintendent or agent of the landlord has illegally entered the rental unit. Authorize a repair or replacement that has been or is to be made, or work that has been or is to be done, and order its cost to be paid by the landlord to the tenant. Order the landlord to do specified repairs or replacements or other work within a specified time.
Prohibit the landlord from charging a new tenant under a new tenancy agreement an amount of rent in excess of the last lawful rent charged to the former tenant of the rental unit, until the landlord has,. Prohibit the landlord from giving a notice of a rent increase for the rental unit until the landlord has,. Prohibit the landlord from taking any rent increase for which notice has been given if the increase has not been taken before the date an order under this section is issued until the landlord has,.
Make any other order that it considers appropriate. Order that the landlord return to the former tenant property of the former tenant that is in the possession or control of the landlord. The notice shall be given at least 60 days before the date the termination is specified to be effective. If there is more than one tenant, notice shall be given jointly by all of them.
The notice shall comply with subsection 43 1. The statement shall include an allegation that one or more of the following has occurred:. The statement shall include an assertion that, as a result of the sexual violence or the act or omission committed against the tenant or the child, the tenant believes that he or she or the child may be at risk of harm or injury, if he or she or the child continues to reside in the rental unit.
Any other order that the Board considers appropriate. The tenant has persistently failed to pay rent on the date it becomes due and payable. The tenancy arose by virtue of or collateral to an agreement of purchase and sale of a proposed unit within the meaning of the Condominium Act, in good faith and the agreement of purchase and sale has been terminated. The amount of additional rent that would have been due under the tenancy agreement as at the date of payment by the tenant had notice of termination not been given.
The amount of NSF cheque charges charged by financial institutions to the landlord in respect of cheques tendered to the landlord by or on behalf of the tenant, as allowed by the Board in an application by the landlord under section The amount of administration charges payable by the tenant for the NSF cheques, as allowed by the Board in an application by the landlord under section The costs ordered by the Board. The landlord previously applied to the Board for an order terminating the tenancy or evicting the tenant.
A settlement mediated under section or order made with respect to the previous application,. The tenant has not met one or more of the conditions described in subparagraph 2 i. The landlord applied for an order for the payment of arrears of rent or compensation for the repair or replacement of damaged property when the landlord made the previous application described in paragraph 1 of subsection 1.
A settlement mediated under section or order made with respect to the previous application requires the tenant to pay rent or some or all of the arrears of rent or compensation for the repair or replacement of damaged property. If the settlement or order requires the tenant to pay some or all of the arrears of rent, the amount of any additional arrears of rent arising after the date of the settlement or order. The amount of NSF cheque charges, if any, claimed by the landlord that were charged by financial institutions after the date of the settlement or order in respect of cheques tendered to the landlord by or on behalf of the tenant, to the extent the landlord has not been reimbursed for the charges.
The amount of NSF administration charges, if any, claimed by the landlord in respect of NSF cheques tendered by or on behalf of the tenant after the date of the settlement or order, to the extent the landlord has not been reimbursed for the charges. If a settlement was mediated under section with respect to the previous application,. The amount of any rent deposit, the date it was given and the last period for which interest was paid on the rent deposit.
The amount and date of each payment made under the terms of the settlement or order and what the payment was for.
Ontario Landlord & Tenant Legislation, 2019 Edition
A proclamation has been issued naming January 31, as the day on which ss. This is an unofficial version of Government of Ontario legal materials. It is up-to-date as of January 31, For for previous now repealed laws, go to: Tenant Protection Act, , which was in effect from June 17 to January 30, , or the Rent Control Act, which was in effect from August 10, to June 16,
Residential Tenancies Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, c. 17 - Bill 109
Provides all the relevant legislation regulating Ontario landlords and tenants including the Residential Tenancies Act, , and regulations. Consulting Editor: Robert A. This updated consolidation contains all the relevant legislation regulating Ontario landlords and tenants including the Residential Tenancies Act, , and regulations. Global directory Contact us SignIn Signout. ProView eBooks and eLooseleafs.
Ontario's Regulatory Registry