The commission was an official National Commission of Inquiry appointed by the Israeli government to investigate the circumstances leading to the outbreak of the Yom Kippur War. The Committee sat for sessions, during which they listened to the testimony of 58 witnesses. On 31 December , elections that had been delayed by the war took place. Likud , a new political party, won 39 seats in the Knesset. Newly elected Member of Knesset and one of the Likud founders, Reserve General Ariel Sharon gave a newspaper interview in which he was quoted as saying that he would disobey orders that he felt were against the interests of the State or his subordinates.
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Initially the IDF was forced to repulse much stronger forces in extremely difficult situations. On October 8, , a counteroffensive began, but the enemy was only repelled on October 15 following the crossing of the Suez Canal. Even though the war ended on October 24, with Israel gaining the upper hands on both fronts, our loses as well as the enemy's were unbearable: 2, dead, 7, wounded, prisoners of war and 16 missing in action. As more soldiers were demobilized from reserve service, and told their horror stories, a public outcry arose in a demand to establish a commission to investigate what became known as the "Failure" of the Yom Kippur War.
On November 18, the government decided, subject to its authority in the Commissions of Inquiry Law, , to establish a national inquiry commission to investigate the IDF's function during the Yom Kippur War.
Haim Laskov. The commission's final report was presented on January 30, It contained more than 1, pages, but only its introduction was made public. Following a government decision all materials of the commission's work were transferred to the IDFA. Sign In. IDF Archives. Pre IDF Archives. Toggle navigation.
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It contained a concise description of the facts; some personal recommendations regarding senior IDF officers and the political echelon's responsibility: the Prime Minister and the Minister of Defense; institutional recommendations regarding the division of responsibilities and authorities between the political leadership and the military high command; the conduct of the Government and the Intelligence Community. The report is not published on the internet site, it can be scrutinized at the IDF and Defense Establishment Archive's reading room. The report ratified the commission's conclusion as submitted in the first and second reports. The third report dealt only with specific aspects and events of the war, because the commission's members reached a conclusion that they are not qualified to scrutinize the whole war. The Agranat Commission conclusions shook the very foundations of the state, not less than the war itself, forcing changes in the military and political echelons, and raising a public storm, due the fact the most of the blame was cast upon the military. Among the ramifications were:. Since its submission, the report emerged again and again in association with the conduct of the war.
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Agranat Commission Report