FUNDAMENTALS OF ELECTROCHEMISTRY BAGOTSKY PDF

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Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN cloth : alk. Electrochemistry I. Electric Currents in Ionic Conductors 3 1. Electrodes, 9 1. Electrode Reactions, 10 1. Electrode Potentials 19 2. Thermodynamics of Electrochemical Systems 33 3. Mass Transfer in Electrolytes 51 4. Polarization of Electrodes 79 6. Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions 99 7. Nonaqueous Electrolytes 8. Electron Work Functions and Volta Potentials 9. Structure and Properties of Surface Layers Transient Processes Electrochemical Research Techniques Multistep Electrode Reactions Some Aspects of Electrochemical Kinetics Reactions at Nonconsumable Electrodes Reactions Involving Metals Industrial Electrolytic Processes Electrochemical Reactors Batteries Electrochemical Power Sources Fuel Cells Some Electrochemical Devices Corrosion of Metals Electrochemical Methods of Analysis Electrochemistry and the Environment Alexander Skundin Sections Salkind Section Solid Electrolytes, Solid-State Reactions, Electrocatalysis Photoelectrochemistry Bioelectrochemistry Electrokinetic Processes Medium Dynamics vs.

Static Distribution, Computer Simulation in Electrochemistry Ezequiel Leiva Nanoelectrochemistry Ezequiel Leiva Development of Electrochemistry Box , Upton, NY , E-mail: jmcbreen bnl.

More advanced topics that will be of interest for people at a postgraduate level can be found in the subsequent parts. Eight new chapters have been added to these parts, most of which describe recent developments in theoretical and applied electrochemistry. The author is very grateful to all coauthors for their cooperation in preparing this book and to Dr. Nina Osetrova and Dr.

Alexander Skundin from Moscow for compiling the references for many chapters. The author is also greatly indebted to Dr. Of all electrical phenomena electrolysis appears the most likely to furnish us with a real insight into the true nature of the electric current.

Electro- chemistry developed simultaneously. Research into the properties of this current provided the basis for progress in electrodynamics and electromagnetism. Work involving the electrolysis of aqueous solutions of salts and salt melts that was performed at the same time led to the discovery and preparation of a number of new chemical elements, such as potassium and sodium Sir Humphry Davy, During the second half of the nineteenth century, the development of chemical thermodynamics was greatly facilitated by the analysis of phenomena occurring in electrochemical cells at equilibrium.

Today, electrochemistry is a rigorous science concerned with the quantitative relations among the chemical, surface, and electrical properties of systems.

Electrochemical concepts proved particularly fruitful for studying and interpreting a number of very important biological processes.

Modern electrochemistry has vast applications. Electrochemical processes form the basis of large-scale chemical and metallurgical production of a number of materials. Electrochemical phenomena are responsible for metallic corrosion, which causes untold losses in the economy. Other electrochemical processes and devices are also used widely.

In a certain sense, electrochemistry can be contrasted to electronics and solid-state theory, where the properties of electronic conductors and electronic or hole-type semiconductors as well as the phenomena occurring at the interfaces between these materials or between the materials and vacuum are examined.

This book seeks essentially to provide a rigorous, yet lucid and comprehensible outline of the basic concepts phenomena, processes, and laws that form the subject matter of modern theoretical and applied electrochemistry.

By considering the theoretical and applied aspects of electrochemistry jointly, one can more readily comprehend their intimate correlation and gain a fuller insight into this science as a whole. As a rule, the mathematical tools used in electrochemistry are simple.

There is a great deal of diversity in the terminology and names used for electro- chemical concepts in the literature. Some outstanding scientists who have advanced the science of electrochemistry Svante August Arrhenius —; Nobel prize, , David L.

Ershler — , Michael Faraday — , 16 Alexander N. These abbreviations are used in most chapters. Abbreviations employed in physical experimental methods used in electrochemistry are listed in Chapter These symbols are used in most chapters, but in some chapters other symbols are also used. It is a special attribute of conductors that free electric charges are present in them. Each conductor can be characterized by stating the nature and con- centration of the free charges.

In the present section we consider free charged parti- cles of atomic or molecular size, not larger, aggregated entities, such as colloidal particles. Conduction of electric current in conductors can be electronic or ionic, depend- ing on the type of charge involved. Substances exist where conduction is mixed i. Electronic conduction is found in all metals and also in certain other substances: carbon materials graphite, carbon black , some oxides and other inorganic compounds e.

Ionic conductors conductors of the second kind are also known as electrolytes. This term is used not only in the sense of an ionic con- ductor e. The main topic of electrochemistry is investigation of the properties of ionic con- ductors and of electric circuits containing ionic conductors, and investigation of phe- nomena occurring during passage of an electric current through such circuits.

Aqueous solutions of acids, bases, and salts are the ionic conductors used most widely and studied most thoroughly. The importance of other types of ionic con- ductors has increased in recent times, but aqueous solutions are still preeminent. They are of exceptional importance in the. They are of equal importance in the form of natural waters in the oceans, rivers, and underground for geomorphologic processes. Acids, bases, and salts i. This dissociation can be complete or partial.

In general, we can write the dissociation equation. Let ck be the original concentration of substance k e. Thus, electrolyte solutions contain several types of particles, but their concentrations are interrelated and only one of the concentration values is independent [e. A subscript k is used instead of j to point out, in the following, that this inde- pendent component is considered rather than its dissociation products.

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Fundamentals of Electrochemistry (Bagotsky, Wiley 2006, ISBN 0471700584)

Fundamentals of Electrochemistry provides the basic outline of most topics of theoretical and applied electrochemistry for students not yet familiar with this field, as well as an outline of recent and advanced developments in electrochemistry for people who are already dealing with electrochemical problems. The content of this edition is arranged so that all basic information is contained in the first part of the book, which is now rewritten and simplified in order to make it more accessible and used as a textbook for undergraduate students. More advanced topics, of interest for postgraduate levels, come in the subsequent parts. This updated second edition focuses on experimental techniques, including a comprehensive chapter on physical methods for the investigation of electrode surfaces. New chapters deal with recent trends in electrochemistry, including nano- and micro-electrochemistry, solid-state electrochemistry, and electrocatalysis. In addition, the authors take into account the worldwide renewal of interest for the problem of fuel cells and include chapters on batteries, fuel cells, and double layer capacitors. A cogent and useful introduction to thetheory and application of electrochemistry A significantly revised and improved edition of a noted text, this Second Edition of Fundamentals of Electrochemistry is designed to serve both professionals and novices with the essential information they require to understand and apply electrochemical processes.

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Fundamentals of Electrochemistry, 2nd Edition

You are currently using the site but have requested a page in the site. Would you like to change to the site? Vladimir S. Bagotsky Editor. Request permission to reuse content from this site. Electron Work Functions and Volta Potentials.

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Fundamentals of Electrochemistry. Fundamentals of Electrochemistry provides the basic outline of most topics of theoretical and applied electrochemistry for students not yet familiar with this field, as well as an outline of recent and advanced developments in electrochemistry for people who are already dealing with electrochemical problems. The content of this edition is arranged so that all basic information is contained in the first part of the book, which is now rewritten and simplified in order to make it more accessible and used as a textbook for undergraduate students. More advanced topics, of interest for postgraduate levels, come in the subsequent parts. This updated second edition focuses on experimental techniques, including a comprehensive chapter on physical methods for the investigation of electrode surfaces. New chapters deal with recent trends in electrochemistry, including nano- and micro-electrochemistry, solid-state electrochemistry, and electrocatalysis.

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Fundamentals of Electrochemistry

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