The Conversation Theory developed by G. Pask originated from a cybernetics framework and attempts to explain learning in both living organisms and machines. The fundamental idea of the theory was that learning occurs through conversations about a subject matter which serve to make knowledge explicit. In order to facilitate learning, Pask argued that subject matter should be represented in the form of entailment structures which show what is to be learned. Entailment structures exist in a variety of different levels depending upon the extent of relationships displayed e. Pask identified two different types of learning strategies: serialists who progress through an entailment structure in a sequential fashion and holists who look for higher order relations.
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We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Although it is conceded as argued by many that distinct knowledge domains do presentparticular problems of coming to know, in thispaper it is argued that it is possible anduseful to construct a domain independent modelof the processes of coming to know, one inwhich observers share understandings and do soin agreed ways.
The model in question is partof the conversation theory CT of Gordon Pask. CT, as a theory of theory construction andcommunication, has particular relevance forfoundational issues in science and scienceeducation.
A briefaccount is given of the main tenets of RC andCT's place in that tradition and the traditionsof cybernetics. The paper presents a briefnon-technical account of the main concepts ofCT including elaborations by Laurillard andHarri-Augstein and Thomas. As part of CT, Pask also elaborated a methodology — knowledgeand task analysis — for analysing the structureof different knowledge domains; thismethodology is sketched in outline.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Barwise, J. Google Scholar. Bloom, B. New York: McKay. Chaitin, G. Singapore: Springer-Verlag. Elam, S. Chicago: Rand, McNally and Co. Ernest, P. Ernest ed. London: The Falmer Press, 33— Ford, G. Pugno eds. Briggs and W. Wager: , Principles of Instructional Design. Harri-Augstein, S. Thomas: , Learning Conversations. London: Routledge. Hirst, P. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Kolb, D. Lakatos, I. Worrall and G.
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We'd like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest. Although it is conceded as argued by many that distinct knowledge domains do presentparticular problems of coming to know, in thispaper it is argued that it is possible anduseful to construct a domain independent modelof the processes of coming to know, one inwhich observers share understandings and do soin agreed ways. The model in question is partof the conversation theory CT of Gordon Pask. CT, as a theory of theory construction andcommunication, has particular relevance forfoundational issues in science and scienceeducation. A briefaccount is given of the main tenets of RC andCT's place in that tradition and the traditionsof cybernetics.
Gordon Pask and Conversation Theory
Background of Gordon Pask. This grew out of his work with cybernetics where he conceived human-machine interaction as a form of conversation, a dynamic process, in which the participants learn about each other. He worked to build unifying bridges between the natural sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities. His wish was to develop a social cybernetics that would help combat terrorism, oppression, and social conflict. His vision was of a healthy society, in which there is unity without uniformity, love, peace, and justice for all. The Theory Behind the Model. Cybernetics can be defined as the theoretical study of control processes in electronic, mechanical, and biological systems.
Applying The Conversation Theory In Instructional Design
Conversation theory regards social systems as symbolic, language-oriented systems where responses depend on one person's interpretation of another person's behavior, and where meanings are agreed through conversations. Pask found these points to be the understandings which arise in the conversations between two participating individuals, and which he defined rigorously. Conversation theory describes interaction between two or more cognitive systems, such as a teacher and a student or distinct perspectives within one individual, and how they engage in a dialog over a given concept and identify differences in how they understand it. Conversation theory came out of the work of Gordon Pask on instructional design and models of individual learning styles. In regard to learning styles, he identified conditions required for concept sharing and described the learning styles holist , serialist , and their optimal mixture versatile.
Reflections on the conversation theory of Gordon Pask
The conversation theory is a transdisciplinary learning theory. Developed by Gordon Pask in , it is influenced by a range of cybernetics, linguistics, computer science concepts, cognitive psychology and neurophysiology. Is the study of controlled dynamic systems. Pask used a cybernetic approach to networks of concepts and interactions with a computer in order to create a framework where opposing points of views are resented and discussed before arriving at a conclusion dialectic. This framework explains the process by which knowledge is constructed. Cybernetic systems first influence their environments and then feel the effects of their changes.