HEMIDESMUS INDICUS REVIEW PDF

Science Alert. Journal of Biological Sciences. Year: Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Page No. Anoop Austin. Abstract: Medicinal plants are being widely used, either as single drug or in combination in health care delivery system. Indian Sarsaparilla, Hemidesmus indicus Family: Asclepiadaceae is a commonly known Indian Medicinal Plant, which is widely recognized in traditional systems of Medicine.

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Ethnopharmacological relevance: Hemidesmus indicus L. Apocynaceae is widely used in traditional medicine in the different parts of the Indian subcontinent due to the various biological activities attributed to its different parts, especially the roots. It has traditionally been used for treating snakebites, scorpion stings, diabetes, urinary diseases, dyspnea, menorrhagia, oligospermia, anorexia, fever, abdominal colic and pain, dysentery, diarrhea, cough, rheumatism, headache, inflammation, pyrosis, skin diseases, leprosy, sexually transmitted diseases and cancer.

In Ayurveda, the plant is used in the treatment of bone-loss, low body weight, fever, stress, topical wound and psoriasis.

Besides, Ayurvedic literature also depicts its use as anti-atherogenic, anti-spasmodic, memory enhancing, immunopotentiating and anti-inflammatory agents. Aim of the study: In this review, we aim to present a comprehensive update on the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, specific pharmacology, and toxicology of H. Possible directions for future research are also outlined in brief. Materials and methods: Popular and widely used international databases such as PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar and JSTOR were searched and traditional literature were consulted using the various search strings to retrieve a number of citations related to the ethnopharmacology, biological activity, toxicology, quality control and phytochemistry of H.

All studies on the ethnobotany, phtochemistry, pharmacology, and toxicology of the plant up to were included in this review. Results: H. The main pharmacological properties of H. Phytochemical evaluations of the root have revealed the presence of aromatic aldehydes and their derivatives, phenolics, triterpenoids and many other compounds, some of which were attributed to its bioactivity. This review also compiles a list of Ayurvedic formulations and commercial preparations where H.

We have included the critical assessment of all the papers cited in this manuscript based on experimental observation and other important points which reflect the loop-holes of research strategy and ambiguity in the papers reviewed in this manuscript. Conclusions: The study presents an exhaustive and updated review on the traditional, pharmacological and phytochemical aspects of H. Although the crude extracts of H. More designed investigations are needed to comprehend the multi-target network pharmacology, to clarify the molecular mode of action and to ascertain the efficacious doses of H.

Moreover, H. We hope this review will compile and improve the existing knowledge on the potential utilization of H. Declaration of competing interest None. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Search: Search. Advanced Clipboard. Create file Cancel. Email citation To:. Format: Summary Summary text Abstract Abstract text.

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Abstract Ethnopharmacological relevance: Hemidesmus indicus L. Conflict of interest statement Declaration of competing interest None. Similar articles Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Arctotis arctotoides L.

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Ethnobotanical review of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.

Hemidesmus indicus L. Periplocaceae is being used widely in Ayurvedic medicine. The history of its medicinal importance dates back to ancient times. The present review deals with studies undertaken in various aspects of this plant in the areas of morphology, anatomy, pharmacology, chemistry and ethnobotany along with medicinal uses. Periplocaceae commonly known as Indian Sarsaparilla is a diffusely twining undershrub having numerous slender wiry laticiferous branches with purplish brown bark.

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Ethnopharmacological relevance: Hemidesmus indicus L. Apocynaceae is widely used in traditional medicine in the different parts of the Indian subcontinent due to the various biological activities attributed to its different parts, especially the roots. It has traditionally been used for treating snakebites, scorpion stings, diabetes, urinary diseases, dyspnea, menorrhagia, oligospermia, anorexia, fever, abdominal colic and pain, dysentery, diarrhea, cough, rheumatism, headache, inflammation, pyrosis, skin diseases, leprosy, sexually transmitted diseases and cancer. In Ayurveda, the plant is used in the treatment of bone-loss, low body weight, fever, stress, topical wound and psoriasis. Besides, Ayurvedic literature also depicts its use as anti-atherogenic, anti-spasmodic, memory enhancing, immunopotentiating and anti-inflammatory agents. Aim of the study: In this review, we aim to present a comprehensive update on the ethnopharmacology, phytochemistry, specific pharmacology, and toxicology of H.

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