From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Russian Empire. Bakhchysarai Q University of Paris.
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Ismail Bey Gaspirali, Crimean-Tatar thinker who was one of the pioneers of Turkish enlightenment, is commemorated on his birth anniversary.
He was the pioneer of the idea that Turkish communities can be united under "unity in language, work and opinion.
He still continues to inspire with his long-lasting ideas. Gaspirali, whose surname comes from his father's village, Gaspira, was born March 20, in Bakhchisarai, Crimea. He was educated in a local Muslim school, then a gymnasium for boys. Then he enrolled in military academies in Voronej, then in Moscow, to become a soldier. He wanted to go to Turkey in secret, to join the Ottoman army who was fighting Greek rebels in Crete. He failed and was captured, which ended his academic life.
Gaspirali went to Paris in , and worked as an assistant of the famous Russian novelist, Ivan Turgenyev. Two years later, he went to Istanbul, then returned to Crimea in a year. From - , he was mayor of Bakhchisarai, and started working in publishing to promote Turkish - speaking communities, and create a national awakening. He wrote articles about Muslims in Russia, and worked very hard for educational reform in Turkish and Muslim communities.
In addition, he thought there should be a national, common media for the Turkish-language speaking nations to know more about each another. With this purpose, Gaspirali started publishing the Tercuman newspaper April 22, , after a long process of getting permissions from Russian authorities. The paper was in Ottoman Turkish, but occasionally used Tatar and other Turkic languages. Tercuman started to be published once a week, then twice a week in , and became a daily in Other newspapers became relatively short-lived, making Tercuman the one and only Turkish - Muslim daily in Czarist Russia.
It gained a wide following in the Turkic world. The Daily Tercuman, in spite of its restricted triage, became one of the most-read newspapers especially by the intelligentsia in the Ottoman Empire, Iran, Balkans and Caucasia.
Gaspirali opened a school for local governments in a small province in Bakhchisarai, in In this school, reading, writing, and all basic courses were thought with a more practical and easier method.
This method was groundbreaking for Muslim schools in Czarist Russia. For Gaspirali, the educational system needs to be in service of proper teaching of the mother tongue before all, and should include secular as well as religious education. The number of Usul-u Cedid schools in Russian Empire was more than in , and became nearly 5, in Gaspirali was an avid supporter of Muslim Turkish girls' education.
His sister, Pembe Bolatukova, opened the first Usul-u Cedid school for girls in in Bakhchisarai. The first women's magazine in the history of Russian Turks, Alem-i Nisvan, started publication in under Gaspirali's supervision and the editorship of his daughter, Sefika Gaspirali.
The first children's magazine of Russian Turks also started publication by Gaspirali around the same time. Gaspirali's health deteriorated due to his extremely busy life, and he died in Bakhchisarai on Sept. His funeral was attended thousands coming from all around Russia.
Only 17, he returned to Bakhchisarai and started teaching Russian. Gaspirali, the educational reformist Gaspirali opened a school for local governments in a small province in Bakhchisarai, in His words, "unity in language, work and opinion," still sheds light on the Turkish world. The words are still accepted as a guiding principle for relations between Turkic communities.
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An ethnic Turk, Gasprinski was educated at a Moscow military school. In he traveled to Vienna and then to Paris, where he came in contact with liberal Ottoman refugees. Back in his native Crimea three years later, he was appointed mayor of Bakhchisaray , and in the following year, upon being denied permission to publish a newspaper , he became a correspondent of the Russian-language newspaper Tavrida, for which he wrote a series of articles on the cultural problems of the predominantly Turkic Muslims in Russia. Ismail Gasprinski. Info Print Cite.